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luchschen/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Federal health officials say researchers may have uncovered a strain of bacteria so resistant to treatment that some of the toughest antibiotics cannot kill it.

Bacteria found in a Pennsylvania woman suffering from a urinary tract infection was found to be resistant to the antibiotic called colistin, according to a case report released on Thursday in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy.

The strain of bacteria was isolated from her urine. Colistin is considered a last-resort antibiotic for bacteria that does not respond to medication. It is rarely used because of its harsh side effects.

“The more we look at drug resistance, the more concerned we are,” said Dr. Tom Frieden, the head of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. "It basically shows us that the end of the road isn't very far away for antibiotics."

CDC officials did clarify however that in this woman's case, the bacteria strain was susceptible to a more commonly used antibiotic, making the use of colistin for treatment unnecessary.

"The strain is not resistant to everything. It carries the plasmid [genetic material] for colistin resistance," said Dr. Beth Bell, director of the CDC's National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases and the person overseeing antibiotic resistance. "The fear is that this could spread to other bacteria and create the bacterium that would be resistant to everything."

For years, officials have been concerned that antibiotic-resistant bacteria could develop and not be affected by a known antibiotic. There are only a few classes of antibiotics to treat bacterial infections to begin with, experts say.

The overuse of antibiotics by people and in animals has bred superbugs, resistant strains of bacteria. A lack of good infection control has helped them spread in hospitals. According to the CDC, there were 2 million antibiotic resistant infections in 2013.

"The medicine cabinet is empty for some patients," Frieden said. "It is the end of the road for antibiotics unless we act urgently."

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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xmee/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The first implantable treatment for opioid addiction was approved on Thursday by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

The implant, a match-sized rod that is inserted under the skin, releases a milder opioid drug called buprenorphine that is usually taken orally to treat addiction. Under the name Probuphine, the implant comprises four rods that release the drug at a low dose for six months.

“Anyone who’s gone through addiction knows that motivation fluctuates day to day. This allows a person to decide for their future self,” Dr. Keith Humphreys, a Stanford psychiatrist who also served as a senior policy advisor at the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, told ABC News.

The implant is designed for opioid addicts who are “already stable on low-to-moderate doses” of oral buprenorphine, the FDA said in a statement. Experts like Humphreys believe this could be a game-changer for the 2.5 million Americans with an opioid addiction.

Experts also say that an implantable rod could prevent addicts from abusing the oral drug.

In January, an FDA advisory committee voted 12-to-5 to recommend the implant for FDA approval, but it was unclear how the FDA would act on that recommendation until today.

While Probuphine was found to be about as effective as the oral medication, the FDA advisory report raised the question of who would be implanting and removing the rods. Relatively few buprenorphine prescriptions are written by doctors with surgical training, the report said.

“A typical psychiatrist hasn’t laid their hand on a patient in 20 years,” Humphreys said.

Early tests showed that even clinicians who regularly performed procedures were unable to remove the implant in some cases, according to the report.

“There have been improvements in the tools and techniques,” said Behshad Sheldon, CEO of Braeburn Pharmaceuticals, which markets Probuphine with San Francisco–based Titan Pharmaceuticals.

Both the implantation and removal kits have undergone recent changes to make it easier for doctors and reduce bruising, Sheldon told ABC News.

While side effects have been rarely reported in clinical trials, they may typically include infection at the injection side, according to the FDA report.

Braeburn aims to make the product widely available to patients starting June 21, said Sheldon, adding that it will cost “under $1,000 a month” but declining to provide an exact price.

But patients like Sarah Wilson, a mother of four who was involved in the implant trials, said she has already seen some benefit.

Wilson told ABC News that she developed a hydrocodone addiction seven years ago after being hit by a drunk driver and developing chronic pain. She began taking oral buprenorphine to get sober and was transitioned to the Probuphine implant less than a year later.

She said she stopped worrying that her kids would get into her medication, that her local pharmacy would not have the drug in stock, and that she couldn’t travel. She also stopped waking up in the early morning when she felt the oral drugs would wear off, she said.

“I went from existing to living,” Wilson said.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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BakiBG/iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Some women at high risk for breast cancer may be able to lower their risk to that of an average woman by making healthy lifestyle choices, according to a new study published in the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA).

Dr. Robert Shenk, Medical Director at the Breast Center, University Hospitals Seidman Cancer Center in Cleveland, Ohio said these JAMA study results may help shed light on how women can modify their cancer risk.

"We have some of those models but this takes in a lot more factors," Shenk told ABC News. "I think ultimately [doctors are] going to have to look at things more prospectively."

To understand if healthy living could lower the possibility of developing breast cancer in the approximately 23,000 high-risk white woman between the ages of 30 to 80 that they studied, researchers from several institutions including the National Institutes of Health and Johns Hopkins University poured through data from their health records about their smoking and drinking habits, weight indexes and use of hormones.

An average 30-year-old woman has approximately an 11 percent chance of developing breast cancer by the time she is 80, according to the report. However, some women have a much higher risk of developing the disease due to "non-modifiable" issues like family history, genetic markers and reproductive factors -- as much as 23.5 percent risk for developing breast cancer.

Using data from the cancer cohort and national survey they included in the study, researchers created a model to estimate risk among this group of white women.

What they found is that those with seemingly high risk for breast cancer due to genetic factors or family history could lower their overall risk to the average level of 11 percent by adopting a healthy lifestyle.

"For women in the highest decile of risk owing to non-modifiable factors, those who had low BMI, did not drink or smoke, and did not use MHT [menopause hormone therapy] had risks comparable to an average woman in the general population," the authors said. They caution that more research is necessary to determine if these lifestyle choices will have the same effect on other groups of women.

Shenk pointed out living a healthy lifestyle by not having an a high BMI, which would indicate overweight or obese body types, not smoking and not drinking heavily may all help people feel more in control of their health and cancer risk. Additionally, he pointed out this data may help provide better information about who should be screened for cancer via yearly mammograms.

"You can modify some factors to decrease the risk," said Shenk.

But, he added that further research could also show that those with a family history of breast cancer may have a lower risk than previously thought.

Shenk said some women may understand their risk more and not feel doomed to have cancer due to family history and some could be oblivious to monitoring for breast cancer because they have no family history.

"The average risk is 10 to 12 percent for everyone," said Shenk. "The highest risk factor is being a woman."

This study is limited by the specific group -- white women between the ages of 30 to 80 in Australia, Europe and the U.S. The findings may not be expandable to a larger population. Additionally, ethnic differences affect the baseline risk for breast cancer so these findings may not be the same for all women with an increased risk of breast cancer due to genetic variations and family history.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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AlexRaths/iStock/Thinkstock(CINCINNATI) -- An Ohio man detailed just how hard it was for him and his wife to conceive a child -- even suffering a miscarriage -- in an inspirational Facebook post gone viral.

Dan Majesky, of Cincinnati, wrote in a lengthy heart-tugging post that he and his wife Leah tried for three years to have a baby, from enduring hormone treatments and sperm collection to finally intra-uterine insemination, where sperm is placed inside a woman's uterus to facilitate reproduction.

"And you get pregnant," writes Majesky, 37. "Everything looked great and we were on track, so when we went in for one final scan before being released to our obstetrician a couple weeks later, we were all smiles and jokes. 'I’m so sorry. I can’t find the heartbeat.' And then you’re not pregnant."

Majesky told ABC News that he originally opened up about his wife's miscarriage because he wanted to update family and friends about their progress of having a baby and didn't want to "leave this secret out about this lost child."

"After we shared it, friends and family asked us to make it public so that they could share it with a couple of other people. We had no expectation that what has happened would happen," he added of his post going viral.

After sharing what he planned to write with Leah, 36, whom he calls "more private," Majesky said the two decided that sharing their journey would be a "net positive."

"We hoped it would be, anyway," he said.

In his post, Majesky writes of losing his first child: "I’m logical. I understand science and biology. I know it was a fetus, not a baby. But it was my baby. In my head, in my heart, I could already imagine being old as it grew into an adult and had its own children, and -- woosh -- it was all gone."

"But no one talks about it," he continues. "When a family member dies, you can share your grief. With a miscarriage, you would have to tell people that someone who will never be born, who they had never heard of and will never meet, but who meant the world to you, is gone. And you don’t have the strength to get into it."

Majesky said that's why he decided to open up about the emotional ordeal.

"It’s such a hidden thing for something unfortunately common," he told ABC News. "People feel isolated. People feel alone. Or [perhaps] they’re embarrassed or they don’t want to jinx their chances of having a baby by sharing these things, or they don’t want to bring people down. Or they don’t want to be judged. They don’t want to hear everyone’s advice on what they need to do and what not. My sense is that it's hurting people to hold it in and to feel that isolation."

According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 24,000 babies aren't carried to term each year in the United States and 12 percent of women, ages 15 to 44, have had difficulty getting pregnant or carrying a pregnancy to term.

Majesky's story ended on a good note. He and his wife are expecting a baby girl this November.

"I’m incredibly excited but maybe equally wary. There’s a lot of time left before I get to meet her and I’m nervous and I’m scared and I’m hopeful and it’s a cycle of emotions that I’ve never really experienced," he said. "But boy, I’m looking forward to it."

The expecting father said he's even discussed a name for his daughter, but added, "we're going to keep that close to the vest."

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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File photo. (iStock/Thinkstock)(SEATTLE) -- Hannah Mae Campbell is an outgoing, spunky and imaginative little girl who is having the time of her life playing outside in the brand new playhouse of her dreams that a generous local Girl Scout troop built in her backyard earlier this month.

The reason it’s so special to her, however, is because 4-year-old Hannah has a suppressed immune system, making normal childhood activities like attending birthday parties or even taking trips to the grocery store extremely difficult.

“Hannah depends a lot on her immunity to get her through,” her mother, Jennifer Campbell, told ABC News of her daughter’s rare condition. “She can no longer have chicken pox or measles vaccines because they are live. Those could potentially kill her. We just have to be careful.”

Hannah was born with Diffuse Rhabdomyomatosis, which is “a benign tumor that took over her heart valve,” Campbell explained. “This was a tumor throughout her whole entire heart organ. Her heart was growing and it wasn’t going to stop until it killed her.”

At just 4 months old, after 59 blood transfusions, multiple surgeries and 169 days in Seattle Children’s Hospital, Hannah received a new heart.

“When she did receive the heart transplant, we learned that she’s the only survivor with this disease,” her mom said.

Hannah is now doing much better, but still needs to be very careful about being exposed to germs. This makes normal daily activities like going to the grocery store, eating out at a restaurant or attending birthday parties very difficult.

When Girl Scout Troop 44017 heard of Hannah’s story, they wanted to help.

“One of the leaders, Lisa, called me and said, ‘I’ve heard about your story. Our troop is doing this service project and we really wanted to find a girl who maybe has a low immune system or is suffering with medical issues,’” Campbell recalled of their initial conversation. “These girls were just so excited. They fell in love with her.”

The Girl Scouts came out to talk to the family prior to getting started so they could not only build the playhouse, but decorate it with her favorite things.

“She told them she loved to cook fake food and garden and plant flowers and her favorite color was orange,” Campbell said. “These girls went into action. They were doing fundraising to raise all this money themselves.”

On the morning of May 14, just four days before Hannah’s birthday, it was pouring rain. But that didn’t deter these Girl Scouts from making Hannah’s dreams come true.

“They come in these vans and they brought this kit to put it all together,” Campbell said. “They thought of every detail. Hannah loves to get the mail with me so they built a little mailbox outside, they put it on a platform so we don’t have to worry about mowing the lawn, just every detail.”

“It was so much bigger than just the house,” she added. “They took turns playing with Hannah as it was being built because they couldn’t all fit.”

The playhouse has a working doorbell, real flowers, a little plastic picnic table, fake food and even a little plastic grill inside with fake flames.

“Her imagination is just going to work,” Campbell said. “She’s has just been absolutely in love with this playhouse. It’s just been amazing. She doesn’t want to leave."

“It’s amazing to see her imagination live in this play land. It’s just a different little world out there in a house that she sits in with a bench and pillows and it’s amazing. They did a wonderful job. I was in tears for the first couple days," she said.

The Girl Scouts and Hannah hit it off so well that they’ve even invited her to participate in their “bridging” ceremony on June 5 when five of the girls will be transitioning from the junior to cadet level of Scouts.

“They’re going to walk her across the bridge and then present her with the sweatshirt on the other side,” Amber Johnson, one of the troop leaders, explained. “From the beginning, they always wanted to make her an honorary Girl Scout. They adore her and we’re really excited.”

And for Hannah, the feeling is mutual.

“She’s made them all thank you cards and cannot wait to be included in such a special ceremony," Campbell said.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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ABC News(SACRAMENTO, Calif.) — Good Morning America has a parenting alert about online sexploitation, where children and teens can be coerced or blackmailed into sending explicit pictures or videos to a predator.

For Bethany Burtlow and her mom Alana, the pain is still fresh.

“I’m watching my child just melt and break,” Alana, of Sacramento, California, told ABC News. “As a parent, you want to fix it. You can’t fix this.”

Bethany, 20, says she was a victim of sexual exploitation when she was a student at El Camino High School.

“I got a text that said, ‘I have some photos of you. If you don’t do what I say, you’re going to regret it,’” she explained.

For three years, Bethany says she received threatening text messages from an anonymous number. Scared, she sent pictures hoping the harassment would stop, but she says it didn’t.

“’Oh, send me this, oh send me that, you’re not doing it right,’” Bethany recalled of what her alleged predator would tell her. “’If you don’t do this you’re going to hate the consequences.’”

What Bethany describes is sextortion, and according to the FBI. It’s a growing Internet crime where victims, often children and teens, are coerced into providing sexually explicit images or videos that are then used as blackmail.

“The perpetrator is trying to normalize his or her behavior towards the victim,” Fred Lane, a cyber safety expert, said. “So suggesting that everybody sends nudes and therefore it’s okay for the victim to do so, and that’s a process that can take place over weeks, months and even years in some instances.”

Bethany stopped sending photos and then she says the unthinkable happened. She says the explicit photos were mailed to her family and friends, and even posted on X-rated websites.

“I was in nominations for homecoming queen and I had friends in choir, and once everything went out, I had no friends,” she said.

Police say Bethany was actually tormented by a fellow student at her high school. The suspect, Chris Hirtzel, is now in jail and facing six felonies including distribution of child pornography. Hirtzel has not yet entered a plea.

“When a parent allows a child to go online unsupervised, it’s basically dropping their child off on one of the most dangerous corners in the city,” Angel M. Melendez, a special agent in charge with Immigration and Customs Enforcement for Homeland Security Investigations, explained.

Bethany encourages others experiencing online threats to speak out.

“Tell your parents,” she said. “They’re not going to be mad at you. They’ll want to help. Whatever you do, don’t send those pictures because they can come back and haunt you.”

Callahan Walsh, from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, has three tips for parents if their child is being harassed online: Be proactive, call the center’s cyber tip line which can be located at, and also, get authorities involved.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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Courtesy Becky Doyle(OAKFIELD, Wis.) — A Wisconsin girl is recovering after receiving a life-saving organ donation from her teacher earlier this week.

Natasha "Tasha" Fuller, 8, underwent kidney transplant surgery on Monday just months after her first-grade teacher Jodie Schmidt volunteered to be her donor. The girl had been on dialysis due to her poor kidney function.

Tasha's family shared a moving message about Schmidt in a statement released by the hospital.

“Thanks to Jodi’s amazing gift and support of her family, we are with Tasha as she recovers and gets stronger after the transplant," the family said in the statement on Tuesday. "Her doctors at Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin say that everything went well and that we could not have asked for a better organ. We are so grateful for the outpouring of support our family has received, particularly from Oakfield Elementary staff and students, along with her friends and family in Grandfield, Oklahoma. Tasha looks forward to seeing you all as soon as she can."

When Schmidt announced she would be a donor, she invited Natasha's grandmother Chris Burelton to the school in March under a guise that the staff wanted to give her a gift for taking care of her granddaughter. She presented Burelton with a pink present with a message inside that she was a match to be a kidney donor for Natasha and the school taped the moment to share with the family.

"You? Oh my gosh!" Burelton says before bursting into tears in the video released by the school. "Here I thought she was coming to school because she was naughty."

Schmidt said in the video she felt she was the right person to donate. "I'm so excited," Schmidt says in the video. "I figured I'm O-negative blood and it did just come to me. I think we're all brought to a certain place and time for a reason."

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The spread of the Zika virus, combined with the start of mosquito season, has consumers looking for ways to protect themselves against the mosquito-borne illness, which has been associated with devastating birth defects.

The Federal Trade Commission announced Tuesday it settled for $300,000 with the marketer of Viatek's Mosquito Shield Bands over the claim the product created a 5-foot protective “vapor barrier” around the wearer.

The FTC said the company sold the band without reliable scientific evidence to back its claims. The company said it never claimed to protect against all mosquitoes, also denying that it took "advantage of consumer concerns for the Zika virus."

"To date, Viatek stands behind the empirical scientific evidence that resulted from multiple tests performed as to the efficacy of their mosquito bands. The tests were conducted by a leading American university and a distinguished professor of entomology, who provided competent and reliable evidence for the claims," the company said in a statement.

Meanwhile, in a report released Thursday morning, Consumer Reports said it tested several brands of mosquito-repellent clothing and found that while the shirts did help to protect against mosquitoes, none offered full protection.

The report said none of the shirts tested was as effective as an ordinary shirt that was sprayed with DEET, adding that the shirts’ manufacturers stressed the importance of wearing the clothing as well as a repellent.

Consumer Reports tried three permethrin-treated shirts from L.L. Bean and ExOfficio. Permethrin is a synthetic insecticide that is used to treat mosquitoes, head lice, bed bugs and other insects.

The shirts tested were L.L. Bean’s permethrin-treated Crew shirt ($80), Bugsaway Breez’r by ExOfficio ($85) and Talisman by ExOfficio ($85). According to the report, the shirts were treated with 0.52 percent permethrin, the industry standard. It also said manufacturers claim the permethrin would last for 70 washes.

Consumer Reports said it tested new shirts and shirts that had been washed 25 times. As controls, it also tested untreated shirts made of similarly thick materials, as well as one untreated shirt that was sprayed with Ben’s 30 percent DEET Tick and Wilderness formula, Consumer Reports’ top-rated DEET product.

The DEET-sprayed shirts prevented all mosquitoes from landing, and therefore prevented all bites, the report said.

Insect Shield, the technology used on ExOfficio BugsAway clothing, said in a statement to ABC News that its technology provided “an inexpensive and automatic way to protect from Zika virus.”

In a statement to ABC News, L.L. Bean said: "While contact repellents like permethrin, which is in our No Fly Zone apparel and spatial repellents like Deet represent vastly different technologies, our No Fly Zone garments give folks yet another effective choice for battling biting insects and insect-borne diseases."

There are several efforts underway to combat Zika-carrying mosquitoes, including the creation of a genetically modified mosquito that could help reduce the mosquito population without the need for pesticides.

The head of a British biotech company that has developed a genetically modified mosquito in an effort to lower the population of the insects that spread the Zika virus called for federal regulators to expedite a decision on conducting a test of these mosquitoes in Florida.

Hadyn Parry, the CEO of Oxitec, spoke at a congressional hearing Wednesday about his company's mosquitoes, which are genetically modified in an effort to reduce the population of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the species primarily responsible for the spread of the Zika virus.

The Food and Drug Administration has given an initial "Finding of No Significant Impact" regarding the proposed test in the Florida Keys.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

Caregivers sacrifice a lot when caring for sick and elderly loved ones.

A recent report focusing solely on those who care for others with Alzheimer's disease found that caregivers give up basic necessities, such as food and medical care, to support loved ones.

According to the report, caregivers are 28 percent more likely to eat less or go hungry while caring for someone. Nearly half of them cut back on their own expenses, and more than 1 in 3 had to reduce work hours or quit their jobs altogether.

My prescription: Take care of yourself before you try to assist others, and remember that the most selfless gesture is actually self care. You'll be better able to help someone else when you're in a good place yourself.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- The U.S. Food and Drug Administration released a guidance for industry on Wednesday declaring that sweeteners obtained from sugar cane should not be listed on food labels as “evaporated cane juice.”
The FDA says the term implies false information suggesting that the sweetener is produced from a fruit or vegetable. 

The misleading title conceals its basic nature and characterizing properties — sugar.

The FDA is recommending companies to relabel the term as “sugar,” with the option of providing a true descriptor to differentiate the ingredient from other cane-based sweeteners.

The purpose of the guidance is to aid consumers in making informed decisions when it comes to sweeteners by advertising not only authentic but persistent information by the manufacturer.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- Senate Democrats brought out healthy children to talk urge more funding for the battle against the Zika virus and vent their frustrations at Republicans.

Toddlers and infants joined four senators and Heidi Murkoff, the author of “What to Expect When You’re Expecting” and its related titles, to make an argument for increased federal funding to combat Zika based on the people most affected by the virus: mothers and their babies.

“There are no red or blue babies. There's only healthy babies like these,” Murkoff said at the press conference. Zika has been linked to the birth defect microcephaly -- where the baby's head is smaller than expected.

Coons, who invited Murkoff, previewed the battle lines for the Senate as the two chambers reconcile their competing proposals: the Senate’s, which at $1.1 billion was still too low for Democrats, and the House’s bill, which funds Zika efforts at $622 million for the next five months.

“We've done our job in the Senate. I think for us to move further by accepting what would be demonstrably inadequate funding coming from an unacceptable source, you're asking us to go beyond compromise and well into simply giving up,” he said.

Despite the serious issue, the senators couldn’t help but smile -- and even get down on the floor to play with the children.

Sen. Chuck Schumer sounded particularly pleased to see the children.

“It reminds me of the thing most missing in my life: Grandchildren,” he said.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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“I loved them while they were in me. I love them still," Melissa Cook said in an interview that aired Wednesday on Good Morning America. I do feel like they are part mine."

So she has taken the issue to court, asking a Los Angeles Monday to allow her to see the children to make sure they’re OK. The judge is expected to issue a written opinion on her lawsuit in the next seven to 21 days.

Cook of Woodland Hills, California, was hired by a Georgia man to be a gestational surrogate. She gave birth to the triplets in February after undergoing in-vitro fertilization with a sperm sample from the man who hired her and three eggs from an anonymous donor.

Early in the pregnancy, Cook told ABC News, the biological father told her he only wanted two babies because he said he could not afford to raise three.

The biological father is identified in court documents as C.M., a 50-year-old man living at home with his parents.

“For him to say, 'Oh, I changed my mind,' is ridiculous," Cook said. "I said, 'Get it together. We will figure it out.'"

Cook said she had signed a surrogacy contract -- before knowing how many of the embryos would take -- allowing the biological father to reduce the number of fetuses for medical reasons. C.M.’s attorney, Robert Walmsley, told ABC News his client asked Cook to abort one of the fetuses out of concern for "her health and the health of the children."

He also claims that several doctors asked Cook to abort a fetus because of her age.

Walmsley said Cook entered into a contract with his client that any or all children would be his, and that he could ask her to abort but couldn’t force her to do so.

“Most importantly, the children are still his," Walmsley said.

“C.M. is committed to his children. He is caring for them. They are happy and they are absolutely beautiful," Walmsley said. "We are not denying the fact that it’s difficult to take care of triplets, as it would be for anybody, but he is loving and cherishing it every day.”

Cook’s lawyer, Harold Cassidy, told ABC News that “Melissa wanted to do what was best for the children.”

Legal expert Elura Nanos, who is not involved in the case, told ABC News it would "violate the rights of privacy to force a woman to get an abortion."

“No one would ever enforce such a provision," Nanos said.

When Cook gave birth to the three babies in February, she said, she was not allowed to see them and the hospital could not legally give her any information about the babies. Cook and her lawyers told ABC News the genetic father took the triplets home after they had been at the hospital for almost two months.

“I sit there crying at night wondering what is going to happen to the children and if they are going to be cared for," Cook told ABC News.

Cook said she has filed the lawsuit to ensure the children are in good hands. She said she is also working to have California surrogacy laws changed.

“We are going to fight to have the law changed so that courts look at the best interest of the children, so that courts take into account the surrogate,” said Michael Caspino, another one of Cook's attorneys.

Cook added, "It would be wonderful to hold these children to let them know, I'm fighting for you guys."

The attorney for the babies' father said Cook's complaints contain "erroneous facts."

“There are so many erroneous facts in the court complaints filed by Melissa Cook and her lawyers," Walmsley said. "Their goal is to litigate this in the media and file in any court available to drain him financially.

"If they cared about the children, they wouldn’t deprive them of their father and his resources," he said.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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Creatas/Thinkstock(RIVERDALE, N.Y.) -- An 11-year-old who beat stage 4 cancer -- including 18 rounds of chemotherapy and 28 days of radiation – has debuted an animated short film that she directed and gives voice to.

Neshama Ryman, of Riverdale, New York, created the characters and storyline for her movie, “The Klumz,” while she was undergoing treatment for the alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma she was diagnosed with while in kindergarten.

The now fifth-grade student knew during her treatment that she would have a wish granted by the Make-A-Wish Foundation. Once her health improved, the Foundation paired Neshama with world renowned animators at FableVision Studios to make her wish to create her own movie come alive.

“She took a very long time developing this idea,” Neshama’s mom, Lamelle Ryman, told ABC News. “I really believe that it has been part of her medical healing to have this incredible wish ongoing. “

A Wish In the Making

The characters featured in “The Klumz” have long been part of the Ryman family’s folklore. The family uses the term “klumz” as a way to diffuse tense situations. If a glass of milk falls on the floor, for example, the family will blame it on a “klumz.”

“The 'Klumz' have been living with our family for quite some time,” said Ryman, who with Neshama’s father, Rob, has two other children. “Neshama was the one who named them ‘klumz,’ a cross between klutz and clumsy.”

Neshama, who also suffers from a congenital condition in her leg that has required six reconstructive surgeries to date, carried a sketchbook with her at treatments and began to draw how she envisioned the “klumz” would look.

Animation At Work

Neshama first met with the animators at FableVision last year, traveling to the Boston headquarters of the global media production studio.

“Usually we create things for kids and families and our clients are adults,” said Peter Reynolds, FableVision’s founder and a best-selling children’s book author and illustrator. “In this case we had a child ‘hire’ us to get her vision off the ground.”

He added, “We took it quite seriously. She was the boss and our goal was to make our client happy.”

The FableVision team corresponded with Neshama, their director, frequently and even traveled to her hospital bedside in Maryland at one point to keep the movie moving forward.

“Animation is a very cumulative process and we couldn’t take a step forward until our director said, ‘Yes that’s good, go forward,’” said Tony Thyne, FableVision’s vice president of creative. “We would go on a plane and go there and sit on a hospital bed with her and do storyboards and whatever we needed to do to keep the process moving.”

Thyne added, “We realized that it was the journey itself – the film was going to be magnificent – but it was the making of it that really was the gift.”

The film’s background artwork is Neshama’s original paintings and the characters are based entirely on the sketches she made while undergoing treatment.

Neshama’s original wish was to have “Harry Potter” star Emma Watson voice the movie, which follows “The Klumz” family as they accidentally make messes, see the beauty in them and try to get their human counterparts to see the beauty too.

Thyme and Reynolds were preparing their pitch to ask Watson to join the movie when they had Nashama read the script and decided her voice would be better instead.

“We thought it’d be a shame to not have this authentic, kid voice narrating the story,” Reynolds explained. “We asked the director and she was tickled that we thought she was better suited than Emma Watson to tell the story.”

"Why Not An Academy Award?"

Neshama’s directorial debut is being shown for the first time publicly Wednesday.

When Neshama, who is on a school camping trip and not available for comment, saw the completed movie for the first time, she could not believe her eyes.

“She’s very dramatic so at times if she’s really excited she will fall to the floor and this was one of those moments,” Ryman said. “She was speechless and ecstatic.”

Ryman said her family’s experience with the Make-A-Wish Foundation and FableVision went “above and beyond” her expectations.

“As a parent going through this with a child, it gave me so much strength and positivity,” she said. “It became a template for something I created in our family, the idea that if you’re going through something difficult, follow the joy.”

She added of the movie, “It’s reminding us all that messes are part of life and we need to try to do what we can to find the joy and the hope in life no matter what we are dealing with.”

The FableVision team is also still involved in the process even though the animation is done. They are trying to get Neshama’s “The Klumz” movie entered in prestigious movie festivals like Sundance, Cannes and Tribeca.

“Why not an Academy Award?,” Thyne said. “We’re all so proud of it and now the fun part is trying to figure out how we’re going to showcase Neshama’s film.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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ABC News(NEW YORK) -- For many of us, thinking about death -- our own, or that of anyone we love -- is supremely difficult. So, most of the time, we don’t think about it at all -- until we have no choice.

But two Zen Buddhist priests are using meditation, and a generous dose of humor, to show people that the dying process does not have to be scary, and can even be uplifting.

Sensei Robert Chodo Campbell and Sensei Koshin Paley Ellison are the co-founders of the New York Center for Contemplative Care in New York City, and have trained doctors, nurses, hospice care workers and social workers in 32 states.

“The reality is that this life of ours is short. This life is not infinite,” Campbell said. “At some point, this is going to be me in that bed. So, do I want to spend the rest of my life fearing that or embracing the life that I have? And that might mean having a lot of fun.”

During their interview with ABC News’ Dan Harris for his podcast, 10% Happier with Dan Harris, the duo talked about how they teach people to embrace death’s inevitability as a push to live a fulfilling life. Zen Buddhist practice forces followers to look at this reality repeatedly and also teach them how to treat a dying loved one with compassion instead of fear.

“The reality with being with dying people and sick people is so extraordinary because there’s something that strips away that the veneer that we put on it in society,” Ellison said. “We put the old people in the nursing home, we put the sick people in the hospital, we put people in hospice, but learning how to enter those spaces and with an intimacy and to realize I am also that -- I am also you -- person in the bed.”

“The intimacy is the piece that’s missing,” Campbell added. “Fifty years ago, this wasn’t the case, people were dying at home. We knew how to take care of people who are dying, we knew how to take care of Grandma ... [but now] everyone’s out in the work force. There’s no one to take care of Grandma if she got sick. It’s such a mark on society, how far we’ve come and how far back we’ve fallen in this area of care-giving.”

Campbell and Ellison offer a nine-month course “in the art of relating to the patient.” They take about 35 students a year, showing people how to incorporate meditation practice and caring into their bedside manner with patients and in their relationships with loved ones. They also have a book out now called Awake at the Bedside: Teachings on Palliative & End of Life Care.

“To me, the greatest fear I think all of us have is meeting the realities of our aging, illness and death,” Ellison said. “The reality of it to me makes life so vivid and beautiful. ... For me, it’s about how do you want to live your life. How do you want to live this day, and to me it brings this kind of awareness.”

During the 10% Happier interview, it was clear their love of caring for people starts with each other. Campbell and Ellison, who have been romantic partners for 15 years, joked around, pushed each other’s buttons, nudged each other over who would be allowed to be speak next, then in between, they would stop to calmly explain how they came to run a center teaching better hospice care.

Both men had very different upbringings. Ellison grew up in a Jewish household in upstate New York and said he knew he wanted to become a Zen Buddhist monk at 8 years old after he saw a photo of one in a National Geographic magazine.

“And he was so still and I thought, 'Wow, I would like to be like that,'” Ellison said.

He started meditating at age 17 and never looked back, though he said it took him 10 years of practice to realize he actually enjoyed it after he started caring for his ailing grandmother.

“She always had a lot of difficulty with ‘the Zen thing’ as she called it,” he said. “Coming from a family of Holocaust survivors, it was really difficult for her. Culturally, it felt like a betrayal ... for her.”

But towards the end of her life, it was his grandmother who told him he should start an organization with Campbell to help ailing patients and their caregivers have an easier time with hospice care.

Campbell’s upbringing couldn’t have been more opposite. Born to a neglectful and alcoholic teenage mother in Birmingham, England, Campbell said he was bounced around between relatives and went on to live a life fueled by drugs, alcoholism and violence. He left home at 16 and traveled Europe. He worked as a DJ in Spain, spent a few months on a kibbutz in Israel and then worked in the fashion industry, first in London and then New York City.

“Coming to New York for me was like a kid in a candy shop,” Campbell said. “It was 1983 in New York. The club scene, the disco scene, the drug scene, and for three years I really took that on 100 percent. ... What I was doing was pushing the envelope more and more and more -- how dangerous could I really make this life of mine be?”

Eventually, he got sober and starting working at an institute caring for addicts and other troubled adults. A chance meeting with a female Buddhist monk led him to start practicing Zen meditation.

“I had been sitting for about two years, practicing meditation, and I realized I needed to do something else then just sitting on the cushion,” Campbell said. “I wanted to be of service so that’s when I started volunteering at hospice.”

He met Ellison as he was caring for his grandmother and after her death, the two started the center together.

When it comes to contemplating their own deaths, again both had different views. Campbell said he feared the “lack of control” about the dying process, and said he wouldn’t want to prolong his suffering and hated the thought of Ellison having to care for him. Ellison, on the other hand, has a more open approach.

“I don’t find death scary but I don’t know what it will be like when I’m dying,” he said. “When I’m actively dying I don’t know what that will be like. Maybe I’ll be very at peace with it, maybe I won’t. ... To me it’s about being open to what that moment will be, I have no idea, but the idea of it is not scary to me, I’m actually quite curious.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- The head of a British biotech company that has developed a genetically modified mosquito in an effort to lower the population of the insects that spread the Zika virus called for federal regulators Wednesday to expedite a decision on conducting a test of these mosquitoes in Florida.

Hadyn Parry, the CEO of Oxitec, spoke at a congressional hearing Wednesday about his company's mosquitoes, which are genetically modified in an effort to reduce the population of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the species primarily responsible for the spread of the Zika virus.

The GMO mosquitoes are all male and hence do not bite. When released into the wild, they mate with females and produce nonviable offspring, thereby reducing the mosquito population without the need for pesticides. They have already been used in Brazil and the Cayman Islands to fight the spread of the Zika virus.

Parry said the company received a "complicated" answer from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration about its initial 2011 filling to test the GMO mosquito called "Oxitec OX513A" in the U.S.

"We are being treated as an investigational animal drug," Parry testified at the congressional hearing Wednesday, noting that that means from the FDA's perspective "they need to approve an animal drug in order to provide a public health benefit."

The FDA has given an initial "Finding of No Significant Impact" regarding the proposed test in the Florida Keys. In a statement to ABC News, the FDA explained that the agency is "reviewing relevant comments" about the proposed trial before making a final assessment. The agency would not speculate on the timeframe for how long this will take.

Parry said at the hearing that he hoped the FDA would act quickly to allow the testing.

"I think we should encourage them to find the processes to make this happen," Parry said, noting that an emergency route for approval may be appropriate in this case. He pointed out that the GMO mosquitoes can reach mosquitoes in areas where traditional spraying can't, such as in indoor areas.

In previous tests outside of the U.S., the GMO mosquito has helped reduce the population of Aedes aegypti mosquitoes by 90 percent in urban areas, Perry said.

"We can target the mosquito as an integrated approach. We have now the technology to control the mosquito in an urban environment and focus as a priority," he said.

The congressional Committee on Science, Space and Technology held the hearing on the Zika virus and the research being done to understand and fight the virus.

Currently, at least 500 people have been diagnosed with the Zika virus in the U.S., though virtually all contracted the disease while outside the country. In limited cases, the disease was spread through sexual contact, according to health officials.

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