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Nicole Nichols(RICHLAND, Miss.) -- A Mississippi state representative suggested to a mother that she buy her family's own diabetes medication when she wrote to him asking for support after she started to experience difficulties in getting assistance from Medicaid.

Richland resident Nicole Nichols wrote to the Mississippi House of Representatives Monday morning to voice her concern that children with Type 1 Diabetes "aren't getting the necessary diabetes supplies and meds they need to stay healthy."

"We have recently begun having a lot of problems with Medicaid/CHIPS coverage of the essential diabetes supplies needed, not only to keep our kids healthy, but to literally keep them alive," Nichols wrote to Mississippi lawmakers. "No parents should have to fight for so long for their child's essential medical supplies and medical needs when it's explicitly stated as a covered benefit."

Later that day, Mississippi State Rep. Jeffrey Guice, R-Ocean Springs, replied, "I am sorry for your problem. Have you thought about buying the supplies with money that you earn?"

The mother of two, whose 8-year-old daughter Bella has Type 1 Diabetes, told ABC News she has been filled with "silent fury" since she received Guice's response. Two other state representatives responded to her email as well, but Guice's was the only negative one, she said.

Nichols posted the exchange to a Facebook page Living in the World of Test Strips, which provides community support for parents of children with Type 1 Diabetes. This morning, she attended a special session at the Mississippi State Capitol, where Guice was in attendance, and spoke to several reporters about the problems she's been experiencing. A few legislators even offered their support, telling her to call their office if she continues to encounters problems with obtaining her daughter's medication.

Nichols responded to Guice by detailing how much each portion of her daughter's medication costs, which amounts to about $2,500 a month, she said. Guice responded by merely asking if insulin was covered by Medicaid, Nichols said.

Despite Guice's comment, Nichols said she is focusing on "the kids" and "getting them what they need to get healthy." She said she aims to raise awareness and be an advocate for several other families of children with Type 1 Diabetes who are having the same problem.

"I will gladly use his mistake to get the kids what they need," she said, adding that she's been experiencing the problem since April.

A representative for Guice did not immediately respond to ABC News' request for comment.

Nichols' husband also has Type 1 Diabetes, but he has not had any problems receiving medication, which is covered by his insurance through his employer, Nichols said.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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Gillian Mohney/ABC News (WASHINGTON) -- Gay rights groups and members of Congress called on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to reverse the guideline that bars gay and bisexual men from donating blood unless they abstain from sex for one year.

Florida Rep. Alan Grayson, whose district includes Orlando, said not allowing many gay and bisexual men to donate blood is discriminatory during a call with reporters Tuesday, adding that the ban should be lifted to "treat all people equally." He pointed out that in times of crisis, such as the June 12 shooting at the Pulse nightclub that killed 49 people, people want to give back to the community.

"We had two blocks that had to be cordoned off of people anxious to give blood that day, in the rain," Grayson said, referring to the day after the Orlando nightclub shooting. "Recognition of the impulse we all feel in times of tragedy, to help. No one should be turned away under those circumstances."

Grayson also said new testing could be done to more accurately test for HIV.

Rep. Jared Polis, who represents Colorado's 2nd district, called on the FDA to update its blood donor regulations to focus on behavior rather than sexual orientation.

"Gender of one’s partner has nothing to do with whether one is engaged in risky behavior or not," he said Tuesday. “Nothing [is] inherently different about the blood of gay or bisexual Americans."

The congressmen were joined by the LGBTQ rights groups National Gay Blood Drive, Equality Federation and the Progressive Change Campaign Committee. In December, the FDA changed its guidelines to allow gay and bisexual men to donate blood if they abstain from having sex with a man for one year. Prior to December, gay and bisexual men were barred from donating blood for life.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- A billion-dollar bill to help address the Zika virus crisis fell apart on the Senate floor Tuesday over perennial partisan squabbles -- namely, about whether to devote funding to the family planning organization Planned Parenthood.

Democrats blamed Republicans for using the bill to “whack” the organization, while Republicans say the bill includes plenty of funding, allocated in the most effective way, to target those most affected by the Zika virus, including those seeking contraceptive services.

Both statements are disputed by the opposing side, but the fact is that the bill failed to receive the 60 votes necessary to advance, largely over disagreements about a portion of the money that amounted to less than 9 percent of its total funding.

The Zika bill also contains provisions related to the environment and the display of Confederate flags that Democrats find objectionable. In addition to the policy specifics, Democrats also object to the fact that the House Republicans revised and passed the conference report on a party-line vote in the dead of night last week amid the protests of House Democrats who were staging an unrelated sit-in on gun safety.

But no provision got more public push-back from Democrats than the lack of direct funding to Planned Parenthood.

Just before the 52-48 vote on the Zika bill, Democratic Sen. Chuck Schumer assailed his Republican colleagues for blocking funding specifically to the organization.

“Republicans can't miss a chance to whack Planned Parenthood, even if their services are exactly what can help prevent the spread of this debilitating virus,” said Schumer, the likely incoming Senate Democratic leader.

The White House threatened on Monday to veto the bill, citing its inadequate funding overall and claiming it would “block” access to contraception.

“The bill includes an ideological rider blocking access to contraception for women in the United States, including women in Puerto Rico, even though this is a sexually transmitted disease,” White House deputy press secretary Eric Schultz said.

While the bill doesn’t directly provide funds for private family planning organizations, Republican Senate aides note that it does contain $95 million for public health departments, hospitals and public health plan reimbursement through what’s known as a Social Services Block Grant (SSBG).

Republicans say this grant allows each state and territory the maximum flexibility to deliver the funding wherever it is most needed. Of the funding, $40 million also goes specifically to 20 community health centers throughout Puerto Rico, where the virus is expected to have the biggest impact.

They also note that the SSBG funding would be available to a network of 13 federally funded family planning clinics throughout Puerto Rico called PREVEN, which among other services provide contraception, and that Planned Parenthood providers and patients can still get Medicaid reimbursements for Zika care.

“If Planned Parenthood wants to accept your Medicaid, you can absolutely get a reimbursement through them,” a Senate Republican aide said. Democrats and Planned Parenthood argue that using the SSBG to fund Zika efforts in this bill, which is the final product of a reconciling or “conference” between House and Senate versions, is not the most effective way to target funds, as Republicans claim.

A Senate Democratic aide said the initial Senate version of the bill, which had bipartisan support, contained a more workable proposal: funding health care services through a U.S. Department of Health and Human Services program called the Maternal and Child Health Services Block Grant Program, which the aide said more directly assists women and babies, the populations most affected by Zika infection.

“You would think that in response to a virus that primarily impacts women’s health that has a lot to do with pregnancy, and contraception is uniquely equipped to prevent, then you’d want to invest in organizations that are really good at providing that kind of care,” the aide added.

The aide also noted that the bill makes access to contraceptives more difficult for women, especially in Puerto Rico, because the Senate bill structures its SSBG funds to exclude private health care agencies like Planned Parenthood.

“Eligible providers could only be public health departments, hospitals and entities reimbursed by public health plans. This would make access to contraceptive and prenatal services more difficult, especially for women in Puerto Rico.”

In response to that criticism, Stephen Worley, a spokesman for Senate Appropriations Committee Republicans, said, “Democrats should be more concerned with the outcome than whether or not their preferred programs are funded.”

But Senate Democrats also acknowledge that the current bill doesn’t “block” access to contraception, which is what the White House claimed Monday. Rather, Democrats object to the bill’s lack of additional funding specifically for Planned Parenthood and other family planning clinics.

“Obviously there’s no rule in this legislation that says you can’t get care for Zika as an individual if you go into a clinic. But there’s no supplemental funding to address the additional need that goes to providers who are uniquely equipped to support this kind of response,” the aide said.

Planned Parenthood also slammed the bill in a statement, saying it “exclude[d] the International Planned Parenthood Federation Puerto Rican member association, Profamilias, from the Zika response.” Profamilia appears to have seven facilities around the island.

After the bill failed Tuesday morning, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said the Senate would address the issue again sometime after the Fourth of July weekend. But time is running out for the body, with only two weeks of the legislative session left before it leaves for the rest of the summer.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Following the mass shooting at a gay nightclub in Orlando earlier this month, the national conversation has once again turned to the link between gun violence and mental health. But would improving mental health care in the U.S. have a major impact on gun crimes?

In the second episode of ABC News Pulse Check, two experts -- one in gun violence, the other in mental health -- challenge headlines suggesting that an overhaul of the mental health system would address widespread gun violence and other violent behavior.

“If we were to eliminate the risk associated with mental illness, about 96 percent of the violent behavior out there would still be there,” said Dr. Jeffrey Swanson, a leading gun violence researcher at Duke University.

Ron Honberg, senior policy adviser for the National Alliance on Mental Illness, welcomes the call to improve the mental health system but thinks that overstating the link between mental illness and gun violence only adds to the stigma of people with mental health issues.

“Most people with mental illnesses are not violent,” Honberg noted. “And most struggle, oftentimes silently, because of the stigma.”

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Annual pelvic exams -- often an uncomfortable part of a woman's visit to the gynecologist's office -- may no longer be recommended for all women, according to new guidelines by a federal task force.

The United States Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF), the expert committee that advises U.S. doctors on all matters concerning preventive medicine, says there is “not enough evidence” for or against pelvic exams in women without any pelvic symptoms.

The committee conducted a full review of all studies to date pertaining to screening pelvic exams. USPSTF did not find any studies that directly showed improved quality of life or lifesaving events due to pelvic exams.

The pelvic exam includes visual and physical components that can be performed by providers for screening purposes. The USPSTF has already established recommendations for screening pelvic exams for specific diseases such as cervical cancer and sexually transmitted diseases. Until now, there were no prior recommendations for screening pelvic exams for women without symptoms.

Interestingly, the USPSTF said 68 percent of U.S. obstetrician-gynecologists it surveyed routinely perform a pelvic examination, and 78 percent of all surveyed physicians (including family/general practitioners and internists) believe that pelvic examinations are a useful screening test for gynecologic cancers. Some organizations such as the American College of Physicians and American Academy of Family Physicians have recommended against screening pelvic exams.

However, other organizations such as the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ACOG), still recommend yearly pelvic exams for women over the age of 21.

“In addition to the screenings, evaluations and counseling that clinicians can provide, the annual well-woman visit is an opportunity for the patient and her ob-gyn to discuss whether a pelvic examination is appropriate for her," Dr. Thomas Gellhaus, president of ACOG, said in a statement.

Gellhaus recommends that patients and physicians communicate and discuss concerns together regarding pelvic examinations.

Dr. Taraneh Shirazian, assistant professor in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the Joan H. Tisch Center for Women’s Health at NYU Langone Medical Center, said the pelvic exam is an extremely useful diagnostic tool.

"Pelvic exam is used to educate and empower women about their gynecological health," she told ABC News Tuesday. "Women usually understand the value of [screening pelvic exams]."

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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Rose Bennett(PEMBROKE PINES, Fla.) -- A 1-year-old boy in Pembroke Pines, Florida can't stop hugging a bag of diapers -- because he's convinced he is the baby on the bag, his mom Rose Bennett told ABC News.

"He said, 'Ben!'" she recalled. "[I said,] 'No, Ben that's not you!' He said, 'Ben!' And then he hugged it. It was just too cute."

The Internet seems to agree. After Bennett, 21, snapped photos of her son hugging the diapers, the images went viral with more than 12,000 sharing it on Twitter.

Bennett explained that she normally doesn't buy the type of diapers her "really intelligent" son has fallen in love with. But since the store ran out of Ben's size, "I grabbed a size 5."

Rose Bennett

"There’s not a brown child on the packaging on the size 4, but on this size there is," she explained.

Bennett said she loves the fact that her son can see images of himself even at such a young age.

Rose Bennett

"Representation really does matter in the media and in packaging for children apparently," she said. "[The pampers] are not marketed towards me. I’m not looking at the child on the package. I’m looking at the price, but Ben cares. It’s the first time he's looked at the package and knows it’s a baby."

"I think it’s great," Bennett added. "I’d like him to see more figures that look like himself."

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(TALLAHASSEE, Fla.) — Zika virus-related microcephaly has been reported for the first time in Florida.

A woman from Haiti gave birth to a child with microcephaly in the state, the Florida Department of Health said Tuesday.

Officials noted that the mother contracted the disease when she was out of the U.S. Her name and location were not disclosed.

There have been two other cases of women in the U.S. giving birth to children with Zika-related microcephaly. In both of those cases, the women contracted the disease while outside of the country, according to health officials.

While Zika often causes mild symptoms, the virus has been found to cause serious birth defects, including microcephaly, which is characterized by an abnormally small head. A total of 223 people in Florida, including 40 pregnant women, have been suspected or confirmed of being infected with the Zika virus. There have been no cases where people were infected by mosquitoes while in the U.S., according to health officials.

Florida Gov. Rick Scott has declared a state of emergency in the 24 counties where people have been diagnosed with the Zika virus.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(WASHINGTON) -- The Supreme Court on Monday struck down the Texas law that imposed strict new requirements on abortion clinics in the state.

The 5-3 decision in the case of Whole Woman’s Health v. Hellerstedt will likely have sweeping implications for abortion regulations throughout the United States.

What Happened

In a major win for abortion rights advocates, the court ruled that the state’s regulations imposed an “undue burden” on women’s right to seek an abortion.

“We agree with the District Court that the surgical center requirement, like the admitting privileges requirement provides few, if any, health benefits for women, poses a substantial obstacle to women seeking abortions, and constitutes an ‘undue burden’ on their constitutional right to do so,” wrote Justice Stephen Breyer for the majority.

Justices Sonia Sotomayor, Elena Kagan, Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Anthony Kennedy also joined the majority opinion knocking down the Texas law.

In 2013, Texas passed HB2, which contains the two provisions: one, a requirement that abortion providers have admitting privileges at a nearby hospital; and two, a requirement that abortion facilities comply with the requirements for ambulatory surgical centers.

The plaintiffs in the case argued that there’s no evidence that the law promotes women’s health and that it is really about impeding women’s access to abortion.

On Monday, the majority of the Supreme Court agreed.

Justice Clarence Thomas dissented, arguing that the court's abortion jurisprudence is fundamentally misguided.

He wrote that the court Monday "radically rewrites the undue burden test ... and applies [that test] in a way that will surely mystify lower courts for years to come."

Justice Samuel Alito wrote a separate dissent, which Justice Thomas and Chief Justice Roberts joined, on technical and procedural grounds.

What It Means

Abortion advocates were overjoyed at the court’s decision.

“I came here to show support for what's actually right, women's rights, women's privacy and women's right to their bodies. I have no words. I sobbed when I heard that we won," said Ashley Plinkhorn from Austin, Texas, outside the court after the decision was announced.

Amy Hagstrom-Miller, president and CEO of Whole Woman’s Health and lead plaintiff in the case, said that “justice was served.”

In terms of on-the-ground impact, all of Texas' 19 clinics will remain open. Some of the clinics that closed when the law partially went into effect may ultimately reopen, though advocates stress that this will take time.

"Today's decision is a real game changer in what have been years and years of attacks on women's health and rights and we are going to turn things around and fight to get rid of these laws in all the states," said Nancy Northup, president and CEO of the Center for Reproductive Rights (CRR), in an interview with ABC News.

Clinics in Mississippi and Louisiana will also remain open while the litigation in those states continues, according to CRR, which brought the case to the Supreme Court.

Proponents of the Texas law said that the regulations were put in place to protect women’s health and safety.

Texas Gov. Greg Abbott said that Monday’s decision “erodes States’ lawmaking authority to safeguard the health and safety of women.”

“Texas' goal is to protect innocent life, while ensuring the highest health and safety standards for women,” he said in a statement.

Where Things Go From Here

Justice Breyer made it clear in the court’s opinion that abortion regulations that are not justified by medical necessity are going to get a very close look in the lower courts. This ruling will have an impact well beyond this one case.

Some challenges to similar laws in other states are already ongoing; others will likely be brought in court very soon, as advocates vowed to keep “fighting until access is restored for all women in the U.S.”

Attorney General Loretta Lynch also said that the Justice Department, which filed a brief in support of the clinics, “will continue fighting against laws like this one.”

"When we filed a brief in this case, the Department of Justice made clear that we believe laws like the one at issue here unfairly restrict women's rights, negatively impact women's health, and undermine the state's interest in protecting the safety and welfare of its people,” she said in a statement.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Deadly floods in West Virginia have already killed at least 23 people and officials fear the heavy rains could put others in danger. But floodwater can be noxious even after it recedes, according to medical experts.

Standing water can contain harsh chemicals as waters wash over roads and other industrial areas. Bacteria can infect open wounds, causing dangerous infections, and infectious diseases including E.coli, norovirus and tetanus can spread easily in areas with flood damage, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Those who escape their homes amid standing water or who go back to their homes to deal with flood damage should be extra vigilant about the safety risks.

“Disease producing bacteria are often carried by flood water and sewage,” Dr. Rahul Gupta, commissioner of DHHR’s Bureau for Public Health and State Health Officer, said in a statement last week. “These bacteria can remain alive and dangerous for long periods of time on items covered or exposed to flood water or sewage.”

Bleach and other cleaning supplies should be used to kill bacteria that can build up after a flood.

“It is important to remember that clothing and some furniture and household furnishings can be salvaged by cleaning and disinfecting,” Gupta added. “However, residents should discard whatever item cannot be cleaned and dried. Mattresses, for example, should be discarded.”

Dr. William Schaffner, an infectious disease expert at Vanderbilt University Medical Center, said in an earlier interview that mold or debris left behind due to muddy water can exacerbate asthma or breathing problems.

"You can get mold growing up on things that you’re then trying to clear out," Schaffner said.

As mud dries, it can turn into dust and affect the lungs, said Schaffner, who recommends wearing a surgical mask during cleanups.

Anyone who had a wound exposed to floodwaters should seek medical attention to determine if a tetanus booster shot is necessary, he said.

In addition to short-term problems, Schaffner said, there's another hazard that could last long after the floodwaters recede. He said he's concerned that standing water could mean an increase in the West Nile virus carried by mosquitoes.

"All this floodwater is going to leave puddles and pockets of water that will be great breeding grounds of mosquitoes," Schaffner said. "If there are a lot of mosquitoes, more mosquitoes will bite birds and then bite people," spreading the virus.

A list of ways to stay safe after a flood can be found here.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Binge-eating disorder is the most prevalent eating disorder in the U.S., affecting about 3 percent of American adults at some point in their lives.

You’ve had it if you’ve ever had brief episodes of binge-eating at least once weekly for three months, accompanied by psychological distress and perceived lack of control.

In a new review found in Annals of Internal Medicine of previously published research, scientists wanted to learn the best ways to treat this problem. Looking at 34 controlled trials, they found that cognitive behavioral therapy (a kind of talk therapy), the drug lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse), second-generation antidepressants (SGAs) and topiramate (Topamax) reduced the frequency of or eliminated binge-eating.

Lisdexamfetamine also decreased obsessions and compulsions linked to binge-eating and reduced weight, and SGAs helped with depression symptoms. Topiramate also helped with weight loss.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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Danuta Otfinowski/American Red Cross(NEW YORK) -- The American Red Cross issued an apology Monday for a poster that some people found offensive because it appeared to portray what appear to be white children as "cool" and children of color were "not cool."

The poster, entitled "Be Cool, Follow the Rules" -- meant to promote pool safety -- labeled children as "cool" or "not cool" depending on whether they followed pool rules.

The issue that many pointed out, however, was that all of the children labeled "cool" were white, while all of the children labeled "not cool" appeared to be people of color.

This sparked outrage on Twitter, with one user tweeting at the Red Cross -- "send a new pool poster" because the current one is "super racist."

Hey, @RedCross, send a new pool poster to @SalidaRec bc the current one they have w your name on it is super racist

— John Sawyer (@JSawyer330) June 21, 2016

The Red Cross responded on Twitter, and issued a full apology Monday, saying it is very sensitive to the concerns raised.

@JSawyer330 Thank you for bringing this to our attention. We’re removing this from our site immediately & are creating new materials.

— American Red Cross (@RedCross) June 21, 2016

"We deeply apologize for any misunderstanding, as it was absolutely not our intent to offend anyone. As one of the nation’s oldest and largest humanitarian organizations, we are committed to diversity and inclusion in all that we do, every day," the Red Cross said in a statement.

The organization also announced it has removed the poster from its website and Swim App and discontinued production, as well as requested partner facilities to take it down.

"We are currently in the process of completing a formal agreement with a diversity advocacy organization for their guidance moving forward," the organization added.

In its apology, the Red Cross mentioned its campaign to reduce the drowning rate in 50 high-risk communities by teaching at least 50,000 children and adults to swim. "With this campaign, we are focusing on areas with higher-than-average drowning rates and participants who otherwise wouldn’t have the opportunity to take swim lessons," the group said.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Fish used to be called “brain food”, but it may be heart food instead.

Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, when obtained through foods in the diet, appear to reduce the risk of fatal heart attack, death due to coronary artery disease (CAD), and sudden cardiac death by about 10 percent, according to new research.

The study, published in JAMA Internal Medicine, looked at the three forms of these fatty acids: α-linolenic acid (ALA), docosapentaenoic acid (DPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which have all shown beneficial effects on things like blood pressure and oxygen demand by heart muscle cells.

Some may reduce the likelihood of the dangerous heart rhythms during a period of reduced blood flow to heart muscle cells (what happens during heart attacks).

Researchers at Stanford and Tufts University studied data on 45,637 patients from more than 15 countries who had not had previous coronary artery disease.

EPA, DPA, and DHA are found in salmon, trout, anchovies, sardines, and herring, while ALA is found in walnuts, flaxseed oil, and canola oil.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(NEW YORK) -- Rates of suicide have decreased 28 percent since a peak in 1990, but it remains the second leading cause of death in teenagers, according to a new report published in Pediatrics.

The study said the important risk factors for these suicides were bullying, sexual orientation, access to guns at home and mood changes. And a new addition: "pathologic" internet use (self-reported daily Internet use exceeding five hours) was also associated with teenage suicide.

The report found that although adolescent girls were two times more likely to attempt suicide, boys were three times as likely to actually complete suicide. LGBT youth have double the incidence of suicidal thoughts.

The mere presence of guns in homes is associated with increased risk of completed suicide, although this can be reduced with safety measures like gun locks and storage.

Bullying was also highlighted as a risk for suicide in both victims and perpetrators, especially with the prevalence of cyber-bullying.

This research suggests doctors should watch for these factors, and for teenagers who are depressed and require medication, the report recommends close monitoring and possible referral to additional mental health support services.

The authors also noted that despite the 2004 FDA "black box" warning regarding potential increase suicide risk with antidepressants in adolescents, subsequent studies of the specific mood medication Fluoxetine did not show significant increase in suicidal thoughts or behavior.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/ThinkstockBy DR. JENNIFER ASHTON, ABC News Senior Medical Contributor

Talking to your teens about being smart and safe behind the wheel can be a real challenge. But according to a new study, you might not need to say that much. It may be all in your actions and how you talk to them.

The president of Safe Kids Worldwide says when it comes to learning how to drive, teens told them that they really valued the time behind the wheel with their parent.

Now when my son started driving, I was nervous but also relieved -- it meant less taxi service for me. I also found that letting him drive a few miles to and from school helps get him experience in short doses.

Copyright © 2016, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.


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iStock/Thinkstock(TUCSON, Ariz.) — Medical experts have asserted for decades that certain behaviors including smoking and eating an unhealthy diet can increase the risk of developing cancer. In the report published Thursday in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, researchers attempted to understand how reducing these behaviors and living a healthy lifestyle could affect a person's chance of developing cancer.

The researchers examined 12 ongoing cohort studies, looking at the health of people between the ages of 25 to 79 and their habits. They found those who adhered to cancer prevention guidelines -- including living a physically active lifestyle, eating five or more servings of vegetables per day and limiting alcohol consumption -- were not-so-surprisingly less likely to develop cancer.

What was striking was the significance of the decrease. Those who followed the guidelines had a 10 to 45 percent reduction in the risk of developing cancer, decreasing with healthier lifestyle habits. Similarly, researchers saw a 14 to 61 percent reduction in deaths from cancer among the people who adhered to these guidelines. More research is needed to see if these initial findings continue to hold firm past the seven to 14 years of monitoring done during this analysis.

“If you adhere to these guidelines, you may reduce your risk of getting or dying from cancer, though the risk is not totally eliminated,” lead author Lindsay Kohler, a doctoral candidate at the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health at the University of Arizona, said in a statement. She noted that family history and environmental factors also play a role in cancer development and death.

“However, following these recommendations will lead to healthier lives overall and, in turn, reduce the risk for many major diseases," she said.

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